Sunday, August 10, 2014

Debunking liberal male gender politics

I usually prefer to take a bird's eye view of things, by which I mean, trying to describe the central ideology of male "feminists" and "liberal"/"progressive" men, from which all the little lies and myths arise. But the ranks of these men are quickly filling, so I feel the need to keep a list of common claims and statements that shouldn't have to be responded to over and over. In a more honest and intellectual reality, there would be infinite variation in what people would say when they oppose something; you would never hear the same "argument" twice. This would be, to put it one way, discourse with 100% productivity. On the other hand male liberal gender politics is usually entirely unproductive, employing strawmen and association fallacy, as such tricks are usually brought out when it is necessary to defend one's power.

1. "Prostitution and human dignity are not incompatible"
This says nothing about the reality of the prostitution industry today. George Washington and Barack Obama are "not incompatible" as friends, in an imaginary world; but we live in the real world.
2. "If a woman can give something [i.e. "sex"] away for free, she should be able to charge for it as well" in response to people criticizing prostitution and the men who use it
Whether the other person/people actually support penalizing women for being in the industry is assumed. Being opposed to an industry does not imply wanting to legally punish the people who work in it.
3. "Don't judge sex workers" in response to people criticizing prostitution and the men who use it
Whether the other person/people actually condemn the women in the industry is assumed. Being opposed to an industry does not imply wanting to morally condemn the people who work in it.
4. "Porn is one of the few industries that women outearn men in, there are other industries"
This one made my head spin. The implication is that women earning more money than men on average in an industry is more important than whatever other gendered issues there might for that industry. There is more to sex-based oppression than pay inequality.
5. "Part of validating a woman's right to make her own decisions and a woman's right to express her own sexuality is that it means women should be free to choose to do porn if they so desire"
This construction ignores the feminists who assert that free choice does not exist, particularly in the case of "sex work".
6. "You know who else says that porn is icky and the people who do it are bad people? The patriarchy."
You know who else liked dogs? Hitler. Association fallacies are anti-intellectual and lazy, in addition to being, you know, fallacies.


(Quotes mean actual things men have said.)

Monday, August 4, 2014

Are You Peak Male Feminist Yet?

Are you a man unsatisfied with the inadequate extent to which you've colonized women's activism and theory? Do you find yourself wishing you could wake up in the morning, look in the mirror and say confidently: "I've successfully co-opted a movement meant to address the violence and hatred from which I directly benefit"?

You've come to the right place. In this post I'm going to describe three simple practices you can start integrating into your life today to exponentially improve the degree to which you obfuscate the reality of the violent oppressive system of patriarchy, for thousands of women at a time. But first, I want to show you a man who is clearly following my three steps, without having even heard them before. As is the case wherever else there's a cent to be made, the right technique comes naturally to the pros. It may be instructive to read his tweet and try to guess at my three practices yourself -- I wholeheartedly believe that my system is not special and that anybody could discover my simple formula for success on their own:

ABC: Always Be Clyming

As the keen reader will observe, this one tweet represents a synergy of elements, some or all of which can found in most examples of effective liberal male hijacking and gaslighting. Without further ado, I will present my three principles and deconstruct how Charles' tweet is a quintessential example of each:

1. Prioritize Male Suffering (or, PMS) - A frequent mistake we men make when attempting to abuse our platforms for personal gain is to focus too much attention on women's issues. When we make "our feminism" mainly about women, we pass up a crucial opportunity to capitalize on a reality that many men miss. The key first step to understanding this wisdom is: don't get too focused on feminists and women themselves - rather, look at the reputation that feminism has in the general public. Like Charles, you will find that people (and women, which is an important point for reasons I reveal below) generally feel that "feminists don't care about men".

Why does this matter? Because, as you may have guessed, it's an opening for you. The more you fill the air with complaints and announcements about men's suffering, the more it will seem like you are doing something to help the feminist movement, and the less air there is for the pesky discussion of "women's oppression" that tends to plague feminist spaces when we aren't around. The most effective male feminists have co-opted this sort of women's language, crafting decisive slogans and non-sequiturs such as "men are oppressed too," "sexism hurts men and boys as much as women and girls" -- I'll go more into the importance of attention to feminist words and phrases in another post.

Many men have come to me flabbergasted at how effective this simple mindset has been in enhancing their campaigns of invasion into women's spaces and resistance. Why does such a small change make such a giant difference? The secret is this: women's interest in feminism stems from the violence they notice visited upon all women, and this minority group of women are desperate for other women to join them in reacting to our violence, rather than submitting. But the men before us have already cleverly convinced everybody that the general lack of feminist interest is women's own fault; so when you appease the popular notion that feminism should not be so harsh on men, and should acknowledge our suffering, you inspire a spark of hope in your marks that a few more women may become interested in feminism. In reality it is just appeasement and hijacking -- indeed, with an easy maneuver, you've made the women want what you want. This is a practically ancient principle of social engineering.

2. Inject Subtle Essentialism - Have you found the woman-hating part of Charles' tweet yet? Even myself, a seasoned expert on the strategic derailing of feminist discourse, had to reread the tweet once or twice to notice it. Here it is: "[I]t's fine to be like girls and women".

For decades, well-paid academics have pored over experimental data, trying to find the perfect way to maximize the feminist appeal of all different breeds of woman-hatred. This man was able to do it right in a single tweet, proving you don't need ivory-tower academia to poison women's organizing (though a degree always helps). The woman-hating is so straightforward, yet so brilliantly executed, that I cold devote an entire new tutorial to its details. For now I will stick to the basics, and explain how you can apply this technique more generally.

Men who are new to the business of passing misogyny off as women's liberation tend to balk at the seemingly incredible difficultly of their task. How do you even begin to dilute the established activism and theory in this new environment, where women are consciously on guard against woman-hating? As on the previous point, such men ignore the important work of the infiltrators before us. They have in fact been duped -- it is an understandable and easily fixed mistake! -- into believing in the extinction of the useful notion that femininity is natural to women, when we are actually in a whole new age of stereotype legitimization. Charles here has gauged the scene with an experienced eye; no one will question what women and girls "are like" because he and other male feminists have already done the labor of naturalizing submission and painting it as a choice. (Also notice that the phrase is at the end of a sentence: the perfect place to hide your misogyny. This general practice is a common way of drawing attention away from a part of your sentence, as a few women have unfortunately begun to realize.)

When you find yourself stuck on your gaslighting article for The Guardian, or your poorly-drawn Tumblr comic, think: am I taking full advantage of all of the new forms of femininity-essentialism on the market right now?

3. Extol Femininity - This trick both follows from and reinforces the previous two methods, which were heretofore unrelated. Fittingly, this technique is most strongly realized in the "kicker" of Charles' tweet; it is truly the most potent of the male feminist trinity.

You may wonder how this method exactly integrates the previous two. Are you taking notes? Ok, here's the rub: by first switching the focus to men's suffering upon performance of femininity, and then naturalizing it for women, you have already set up the perfect conditions to completely reverse any consciousness of patriarchal reality for any woman who is listening (in Charles' case, thousands). Charles, being the master he is, automatically flows into this conclusion; with practice, you can in a short time approach his level of intuition for abusive rhetoric.

"Femininity is not bad" -- Clymer has clearly taken cues, as any pro does, from the propagandists of history. The best male feminists deeply understand that from every woman's birth, us men have successfully imposed femininity upon her; and throughout her life we have blackmailed and terrorized her into adhering to femininity's (read: our) demands. But until recently, we have found it difficult to explicitly sell femininity to women, which, if perfected, would constitute a total revolution in the art and science of subordination. Charles is a pioneer of this new practice, which comes at a time when the meager feminist critiques of femininity are almost totally wiped from history and silenced in the present day, thanks to the wonders of modern pseudoscience.

Study this tweet well and you will soon find yourself working the sale of femininity, the centering of male experience, and the sly stereotyping of women into your daily male feminist routine, opening up countless doors to new opportunities. Tell me your success story in the comments section below.

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I dedicate this work (“Are You Peak Male Feminist Yet?”) to the public domain using the Creative Commons 0 declaration.

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Why won't Charlie Glickman listen to feminists?

Charlie Glickman is a "sexuality educator" and author with a blog, where, among other things, he pleads for prostitution abolitionists to "listen to sex workers". While this request* is within the context of a narrative that I'll leave to another post, it has some objective merit on its own: it is important to listen to the members of marginalized groups of people of which you are not a part, to learn about realities that you will never be faced with. Right? Isn't this where Glickman is coming from? If it is, does Glickman apply this principle consistently?

In January, several months prior to his post on prostitution abolition, Glickman was given the perfect opportunity to showcase the extent to which he actually holds this value: Melissa McEwan, a woman and a feminist, wrote an entry called "I Have a Suggestion" at the feminist blog Shakesville in which she criticizes the straight male narrative of "creepiness" as a quality of individual men who are attracted to and approach women (rather than, you know, disrespect for boundaries and tendency to harass), and straightforwardly asks men not to write articles through this narrative:
If you want to have a serious talk with men about their interactions with women, you can't use language that very few of the men who need to take this lesson believe applies to them.
She then advises these men to "invite a woman to write a piece about consent from her perspective, then leverage your male privilege to endorse and champion it." It is a bit unclear whether or not McEwan would approve of men writing material that is explicitly not written through the "how not to be creepy" narrative but instead focuses on the mindsets of men who engage in patterns of "harassment, hostility to consent, [and] sexual assault" -- she is speaking to the men who are intent on talking through the narrative she describes. McEwan wants men to realize how their choice of language ends up having them "write about 'other guys,' as far as lots and lots of dudes are concerned". 

How does Glickman respond to such requests from a feminist woman, a member of a marginalized group within a marginalized group? He publishes a post called "Why Men Need to Learn How to Not Be “That Guy”". The title of the post itself already betrays a blatant disregard for the clear demands of a feminist. "That guy" has the very same rhetorical dynamic as "creepy": if I already know in my heart that I'm not "that guy", I don't need to read Glickman's article, do I? Which is just as well, since the article itself is not actually about men respecting women's boundaries, but is rather about all the ways in which McEwan is "misses some key points" in her piece. One wonders if the title of the article, being so unrelated to the purpose of its contents, is the product of subconscious spite on the part of Glickman's upon being told how to write by a feminist -- he has, after all, written an article called "Five Things Men Can Do To Not Be Creepy" in 2012 and has an entire "creeps" tag on his blog (next to an ad for his book). 

Glickman approximates that McEwan is "wrong about how “virtually all of the men” think about themselves" and proceeds to talk about himself and his "struggle" of having to "learn through trial and error (and unfortunately, far more error than I wish)" about how not to harass and assault. Did he listen to McEwan when she asks, "how do you know" anything about how many men are clueless and how many are malicious? Clearly not: he employs a vague anecdote of his own experiences (and those of "many of the men who come to [his sex] workshops" -- what's sampling bias?) to make her question go away. He chalks up his past violations of boundaries -- sorry, "errors" -- to how he "didn't have a single role model to point the way," with the implication that he needed a male role model to stop him from harassment.

He then tells the feminist how her opinions on how "gender equality" should be achieved is "troubling" to him:
And I find it troubling that anyone who wants to create a world of gender equality would advocate for men not stepping up and taking that on.
This is at best a misinterpretation of McEwan's point; her piece is about how she has a problem with how some men (like Glickman) go about educating other men about respecting women, not with the act itself of men trying to educate other men. A complete misreading is certainly something that could drive Glickman to repeatedly ask:
So unless someone offers them useful tools for how ["not to be creepy"] and helps them see how we need to resist the patterns of sexism, sexual intrusion, and gender roles, how does Ms McEwan think that will happen? [...] How, precisely, are men supposed to learn these things if we don’t ever talk [amongst ourselves] about how to do it? [...] Unless there are books, workshops, or websites to learn from, how can that possibly happen? 
Stumbling around on this new, unknown landscape of McEwan's feminism in which his voice and "usefulness" is not necessarily prioritized, asking himself "But if men like me can't do it, who will?", Glickman seems so deep in his professional narcissism that he can't imagine that a woman could do what he does. He simply can't picture feminist books, workshops, and websites created by women instructing men to stop harassing women. Instead of dealing with this conundrum in his mind, he would "rather create a call to action for the guys who get it" as if there's some sort of certification body to separate the "guys who get it" from the "guys who don't". I am left wondering how many people thought that Hugo Schwyzer "got it" before he was exposed as a serially abusive man.

I'd like to pause the analysis for a moment and offer my own experience, since Glickman seems to recognize individual men's anecdotes, stories, and feelings as intellectual currency. Dear Charlie Glickman: I'm a straight man and I don't need your workshops and books to learn how to not harass and assault women, and neither do any of the men I've come in contact with who actually listen to feminists.

Glickman frames McEwan's ideas as "not making room for men" as if feminists have cornered the market on "room" while men such as him are just starving for platforms. Unsatisfied with this already-ridiculous level of reality distortion, he then charges that women like McEwan "have no idea what it’s like to live as a cisgender man, to grow up being shamed into masculinity" -- 

Ah, yes, how I look back with visceral horror on all those years of my straight male youth when I was "shamed" into masculinity. Masculinity, rather than a strategy for resource extraction bestowed upon men through the system of gender, as the feminists would have it, is merely a sad curse! How I am indeed oppressed by my position as the oppressor; look with respectful pity upon my inability to cry!

He caps off his post with advertisements for his professional "sex coach services" and a workshop costing $27USD per individual. This may be the real motive for the title: his lament of McEwan's lack of deference to his "usefulness" is just sales patter. Thanks, Charlie!

The truth seems to be that Glickman is uninterested in listening to feminists. Even such a tame suggestion as McEwan's for men to give more platforms to women sends him into a whirlwind of deep concern for the loss of "room" for himself. If he really listened to feminists, like Karen Ingala Smith, glosswitch, or Meghan Murphy, he would at least be able to engage with the notion of men knowing their place without practicing exactly the obfuscation of the oppression of women that these feminists are trying to stop. If Glickman actually listened to all of the voices, stories, and perspectives of feminists, he might find it difficult to continue prioritizing his own voice and business. But given how invested he is in his "how not to be creepy" narrative, both personally and professionally, I’d expect he'd resist letting go of his male privilege. (That's odd, I feel like I've heard this sort of thing before...)

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* If we can ultimately call it that, rather than a rhetorical soundbyte

I dedicate this work (“Why won't Charlie Glickman listen to feminists?”) to the public domain using the Creative Commons 0 declaration.

Thursday, July 10, 2014

What's wrong with this picture?


I had to read it twice to notice, but maybe only because it was 4am. [I might eventually write a longer post -- inevitably called "What is 'being like girls and women'?" -- about male feminism's embrace of femininity but the image should speak for itself.]

Monday, June 30, 2014

What should you read instead of The Oatmeal?

So maybe you're like me and you really enjoy webcomics. You find a unique appeal in the culture of creativity and humor and the accessibility of the artists to their fans through social media. Maybe you (unlike me, who has avoided this guy like the plague) are a reader of The Oatmeal by Matthew Inman. Maybe you were willing to accept his apology for his misogynistic comic in 2012 about women who play video games.

But maybe today was the last straw for you. Maybe you just can't support this man anymore, after he posted something this manipulative on his Facebook page:


Maybe it was initially difficult for you to extract the intent from image -- it seemed kind of misogynistic, or at least weird. But then you read the comments and Inman's replies to them:




Maybe you progressively begin to realize the point of it all: that Inman created and posted the image for the sole purpose of playing with women's feelings for his own fun and profit. Perhaps you just couldn't believe that this man would stoop so low as to purposely play dumb of his readers' practice of interpretive context (well, mostly the female ones) just so he could spring a loaded trap and confuse them or make them feel bad. Maybe the realization that this profoundly baffling degree of disrespect of his readers should be considered an economic decision of Inman's in that he makes money off of his pageviews and comics, just makes you want to, I don't know.. avoid Matthew Inman and his work like the plague?

Maybe you're extra upset at his male readers who understand what he did, but still view it as positive and your feelings as evidence of "prejudice":


Well, there's good news: there are lots of comics out there that are not actually created by sociopath creeps. Let's start with some awesome women:
  • Ashley Cope's Unsounded - a highly-recommended fantasy adventure, very funny and creative
  • Li Chen's Extra Ordinary - hilarious slice-of-life weirdness
  • Jen Sorensen - witty and award-winning political cartoons
  • Yuko Ota and Ananth Panagariya's Johnny Wander - biographical, funny slice-of-life (currently on a fictional story arc)
  • Momga - a Japanese mother's comic about learning English/slice of life
  • Kate Beaton's Hark! A Vagrant - historically fictional funnies, highly recommended
  • Saga, illustrated by Fiona Staples and written by Brian K. Vaughan -  not actually a webcomic, but you should go to your local comics shop and pick this up if you haven't. While you're there, check out Coffin Hill by Caitlin Kittredge

And some webcomics by men who don't seem like they'd pull the kind of garbage we've seen today:








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I dedicate this work (“What should you read instead of The Oatmeal?”) to the public domain using the Creative Commons 0 declaration.


Wednesday, June 4, 2014

Why does #YesAllWomen exist?


I want to ask: why does the recent popular Twitter hashtag #YesAllWomen exist? Is it, as we would initially say, because of men's rapes, battery, stalking, harassment, and murder of women?

That's certainly what the hashtag is filled with: 140-character-or-less stories of daily terrorism and violence. No doubt, the hashtag and other writing surrounding the UCSB shooting has been inspiring women to air their thoughts outside Twitter as well, when normally, they'd have to expect their speech to be met with responses like.. well, like this comment I recently read from a man to a woman who shared a picture online:

"Wow. I've been taking in a lot of what you've posting [sic], and being cool about [it], agreeing, etc. But this is downright militant, extremely offensive, and probably the exact opposite of what you want to put out there in support of the cause.

If us men for the last half-century hadn't been standing guard, making sure our judgement of women's thoughts and speech about male violence and gender gets heard and taken into account, what would women's oppression be like today? Without the gaslighting and the tone-policing and the movement-hijacking, would women have been able to tolerate several more decades of the rapes, battery, stalking, harassment, and murder discussed daily on the internet and tabulated in all of the statistics, over the last 50 years?

No one can say for sure. But I believe not: Women wouldn't need a hashtag if it weren't for the kind of things we men did and still do to interject into women's movements to tell women how to run them. I think things would have changed between last century and today.

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I dedicate this work (“Why does #YesAllWomen exist?”) to the public domain using the Creative Commons 0 declaration.

#AllMenCan?

A lot of the photos on the AllMenCan blog are nice! But also, a lot are not helping and serve as good examples of doing things wrong.

I won't try to tackle the massive amount of "#AllMenCan BE FEMINISTS" -- Meghan Murphy has already done the work in the past and these men should read her. I want to talk about stuff like this:


That's the pressing issue at hand. The past week on Twitter has been pretty much nothing but "#YesAllWomen hate that men can't wear women's clothes!" But really, leave it to us to make this about what we can or can't wear -- and swear and look upset while doing it. The thing is, we men do wear "women's clothes"; it happens all the time. Sometimes though, we're ridiculed and attacked for it. By other men. But our friend in the photo isn't going to talk about the perpetrators...

Let's move on to this creepy fellow:


As if no young woman has ever been the victim of misogyny and male violence at the hands of her brother. How do you type this up, stand at the printer while it spools, and the whole time think "this is exactly what other men need to hear"? We need to dispense with the false strategy of leveraging familial relationships to try to get other men to stop hurting women. At least it's not what this guy came up with:


Oh, so women's value is contingent on the extent to which they provide you with life? How about "choose again". Once again, women's humanity is all about us men, rather than a self-evident fact.

I see a lot of this type of young man (offline and on). With it on the major points but still spouting the "consent is sexy" nonsense. I used to buy into the same slogans and it had to click for me with a short blog post that went something like: "stop saying consent is sexy. we shouldn't have to eroticize my human rights." Once again, we would rather leverage the power of an existing, male institution (sexuality in this case, family in the "little sister" case) to try to get men to stop raping, rather than try to create new power behind the notion that women are people. It's a nice maneuver from a marketing point of view but I don't think rapists are in the market.

Here's an interesting one:


What's with this? I'm pretty sure masculinity only exists as a foil to femininity, a socially constructed script under which women are groomed for subordination in every way possible in that particular historical time and place. Here we have a fledgling Men's Studies scholar, and "it is time for the abolitionists to declare where they stand in relation" etc etc.

There actually aren't that many posts -- you can scroll through the blog in a few minutes. If you're a man, you should try to change that by submitting a photo. Just make sure it's actually about women.

Tuesday, June 3, 2014

How is this helping?

Sometimes, men try to criticize men who are (willing to act) degrees more misogynistic than them. We will do things like this:


Or we'll do things like Francois Tremblay does [warning: slurs]:
As you may remember, I published two debunkings of commonly circulated list of “proofs” by MRAs. This pissed them off, because they are whiny little bitches who cannot deal with any level of disagreement without believing that it’s all part of some great conspiracy against them. [...]
To all MRAs: try being real men for once and admit you’re a clutch of hysterical virgins who lie, cheat and threaten because you don’t have the testicular fortitude to face what woman-hating faggots you all are. Don’t like it, stop being one!
We'll think we're doing good. We sure showed those dudebros! We'll even imply that what we're doing is under the umbrella of "Radical feminism". (Francois Tremblay isn't a radical feminist and can not "do" radical feminism despite the amount of time he spends talking to feminists on the internets)

But how is this helping? What does it solve, to pin other men's worth to the extent to which they are performing heterosexuality correctly and sufficiently well? To put these slurs and violent masculine posturings in front of women's faces and into their spaces with the air of providing value?

Buying into the violent rhetoric of compulsory male heterosexuality is not distancing yourself from the systems that give that rhetoric its power. You can't do both. But as more men start to see radical feminism, and feminism in general, as something that makes sense, I can only imagine that talking about MRAs as "idiot f*ggot virgins" and rapists as "not being able to find a clitoris" will become more and more fashionable. And then we'll claim we're better people for it.


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I dedicate this work (“How is this helping?”) to the public domain using the Creative Commons 0 declaration.

Sunday, June 1, 2014

Why is this funny?

Today's strip of the popular newspaper comic FoxTrot, written by Bill Amend since 1988, is, as usual, supposed to be a joke, particularly one appealing to tech-aware/geek crowd. I've written up the script below:
[Jason, the quintessential geek, and his friend Marcus, are watching TV on a couch]  
TV announcer: In Washington, the FCC finds itself knee-deep in public reaction to reports it may loosen, if not fully abandon, its stated commitment to preserve net neutrality and an open internet. 
TV announcer: Thousands and thousands of letters, e-mails and phone calls have poured in on a near-daily basis from aghast citizens, technologists, academics, and business owners, asking commission members to keep the internet's level playing field and non-discriminatory data practices intact. 
TV announcer: We are told, however, that the FCC has received a near-equal number of e-mails demanding an end to net neutrality, all from the same 14-year-old girl. "Making it so people can only wear neutral colors and taupe in their Instagram selfies is downright unamerican," reads one. 
Marcus: You probably shouldn't have told your sister that's what it meant. 
Jason: I was kidding Paige! I was kidding! 
Paige [off-panel, from upstairs]: (click) Send. (click) Send. (click) Send.
It's safe to assume that Bill Amend thought this would be funny, for reasons that are based in rational thought, rather than out of a random bout of writer's block or temporary insanity; he has been writing this comic for over two decades, and major newspapers continue to carry it. FoxTrot is popular among the geek crowd and has been printed in over forty books. It's also well-received among young children, if the note to parents in the Contact Info section of Amend's website is any indication. So if we can say that there are logical justifications for why he thought such a situation would be funny, what are they?

I want to start with the question: why does Amend make Jason's older sister Paige send a comically impossible amount of emails to the FCC, under the impression that the term "net neutrality" meant a government-enforced social media dress code? Why wasn't it Jason's older brother Peter, who often shows his gullibility as well when it comes to the latest technology? Could the script be rewritten with "Peter" and "brother" swapped in, and still make sense as something Bill Amend would come up with?

No, and we know why. Paige is the caricature of a 14-year-old girl, and, in this particular instance, she is taking the ubiquitously understood phenomenon of young women's interest in "fashion" to the logical extreme. We know this trope. Young girl obsessed with social media photography and the entailing fashion concerns, to the point of hilarity. *rimshot*

Obsession with physical appearances is also a supposedly widely shared characteristic in women that men like the UCSB shooter would outwardly admit to as a symptom of women's believed inferiority and/or stupidity. Men assert that women are vain and trivial for spending so much time, money, and energy on the visual presentation of their bodies and the bodies of others. Interest in fashion is widely understood to be a "womanly" quality. When gay men are "into women's fashion", the mainstream understands it as partaking in realm of femininity that straight men would never be caught in. Meanwhile, internet articles on "millennials" are littered with stock photos of young women using smartphones and cameras, and shopping for clothes.

Many women, on the other hand, understand female teen concern with fashion as the product of childhood socialization, as facilitated by parents, older peers, and the media. Laura Bates writes on how the (pre-)teen fashion industry and culture of "telling girls to make themselves sexy" has flourished on the internet, examining specific websites in the UK:
Over on the website of Top Model Magazine, another big hit with the tween age range, girls learn that "Mascara alone is not enough! You need more to achieve a radiant look!" There are even tips to get rid of cellulite by "pinching yourself with a twisting hand movement". Because they might as well learn young that inflicting pain on oneself in the name of beauty is a woman's lot.
It is for this reason I don't see how caricaturing of this facet of girlhood is amusing at all. It is only in a context of sex-based oppression that men could make a joke of the sort of the terrorism young girls face daily. Emma M. Woolley writes:
We don’t talk honestly enough about what it’s like being a teen girl. If we did talk about it, what it was like for us, perhaps we wouldn't be so harsh on them. Perhaps we wouldn't throw our hands up in the air and exclaim “oh, teen girls, they’re so difficult!” Perhaps they wouldn't be so scary. Perhaps we’d see their lives for the small and large violations they’re often made up of; and what those violations do. 
Maybe if more of us men were willing to listen to women talk about girlhood, the dangerous emptiness of socialized concern with appearances in the context of the male gaze would not be appropriated by men for fun and profit as Amend has done; or at least such scripts and tropes would not be considered funny or acceptable to depict in a medium usually meant to entertain children. In a 2010 interview, Dr. Leonard Sax, author of Girls on the Edge, said (emphasis added):
Girls spend a lot of time photoshopping their pictures, making themselves look a little bit thinner than they are and getting rid of the pimples, because they know boys are interested in the photos on these sites. So you’ve got 14-year-old girls essentially presenting themselves as a brand, trying to create a public persona, polishing an image of themselves that’s all surface: how you look and what you did yesterday, not who you are and what you want to be. And that leads to a sense of disconnection from themselves, because in most cases, these girls don’t even realize that their persona is not who they are. They’re just focused on striving to please their market and presenting the brand they think will sell. It’s one thing for Angelina Jolie to be doing this—she’s an adult—but it’s really toxic for a 14-year-old. It gets in the way of the real job of adolescence, which is figuring out who you are, what you want, what is your heart’s desire. [ed. note: "heart's desire"? "real job of adolescence"? What? I think the doctor should stick to talking about gender socialization...]
In 2012, New York Times columnist Randye Hoder wrote in her article "For Teenage Girls, Facebook Means Always Being Camera-Ready" (emphasis added):
Trying on 10 outfits and staring critically at the mirror before leaving the house is practically a teenage rite of passage. But these days, girls know precisely how their peers are judging them, thanks to the “Like” button on Facebook. “When I choose my profile picture, I want people to ‘Like,’ it,” said Grace. In fact, she and her friends are keenly aware of how to goose the numbers. “You get more ‘Likes’ if it’s a model shot and not a goofy picture with your friends,” she explained.
The formula is simple: The more “Likes” you get, the more popular you appear. “Girls don’t just want to get ‘Likes’ from their close friends,” said 14-year-old Lily. “They want to get them from boys, or older kids or kids from other schools who are popular.”

14 years old -- hey, that's how old Paige is. Is any of this funny?

Sunday, January 12, 2014

What do people mean when they say "I'm not surprised by the NSA revelations"?

In part because of my unhealthy infatuation with most things that Glenn Greenwald writes and does, I've been following the Snowden leaks and most of the little details about them since they began in June last year, and sometimes I glance at the comments sections of articles or Youtube or skim stories that I don't really care about and there's this very interesting ubiquitous trend where some people declare "I'm not surprised about any of this" and then just leave it at that, or talk about something else in a new paragraph.

What is the purpose of this? People do things because they feel uncomfortable with the prospect of not doing them. More specifically, it seems that when people are in settings where they know other people will see what they do, they behave in a specific way that they believe they should, to satisfy how they want to be perceived. Social theory often refers to this as "performativity." People feel the need to air this declaration before going to do something else. What are people "performing" when they say "I'm not surprised about any of this"?

When people write their version of that specific sentence, they have in their mind the people who are going to read it. They think something along the lines of "lots of people on the internet are going to read this and [something]".

What I think that "something" is, is something along the lines of "a lot of people are going to agree with me and give me upvotes or props," and/or "the people who are acting surprised and excited are going be humbled by my cynicism/complete lack of emotion." It's perhaps sort of a modification of macho superiority. People who are acting surprised and excited must be more childish than I, less worldly than I, and so I must be a good role model and donate my comment to the unwashed, illiterate masses.

She's not surprised about what Snowden revealed either

So from what I can tell, either these people fundamentally misunderstand the point of why other people are acting surprised and energetic (because they think things should change ASAP), or they understand it and wish to exploit it for their own benefit (pretty much just +1's on a website) and/or for empty boosts of self-esteem. Maybe both sorts of people are making this comment.

I'm not surprised by the NSA revelations. When I read each article as it came out, I didn't gape at my computer screen, I didn't leap out of the proverbial bathtub and go running through the streets naked. What I felt like doing: I felt like learning cryptography programming, I felt like going to the DC protest (but didn't make it), I felt like talking to people I know and writing about the issue, I felt like helping my friends secure their computers. What I didn't and still don't feel like doing, is making sure that the world knows that I was/am not surprised. Some people are at a young age or have other things on their plate and simply have not had time to read all the books you have.

This kind of flamboyant posturing often betrays a smug sort of attitude, shared by people all across the political landscape, that posits that focusing on the NSA is futile, for any number of reasons depending on the person. Things like:

  • What we really have to do is overthrow capitalism
  • These kinds of programs have been targeting non-white people forever, so the focus now is invalid
  • What we really have to do is reduce/get rid of the government
  • The Constitution is broken and failed anyway

To me this is like proclaiming that rape victims shouldn't go to the police because the police are historically and presently bigoted racially, and protectors of the ruling class. However accurate a description that might be, rapists pose a real threat and law enforcement has power to protect rape victims. The NSA specifically poses a real threat to real people, and most people find the US Constitution a good ideal for a country to aspire to. Now we need a mass of people to see the connection there, between the NSA and their supposed rights, and what are you doing? If you've ever left a bare "I'm not surprised by any of this NSA stuff" declaration anywhere (before now, obviously), or written a piece where you declare as much, leave a comment linking to it and then tell me what you've subsequently done for real people.

I wrote this without really knowing where it was going to go -- sometimes thinking flows better when I'm writing it out (i.e. Graham's The Age of the Essay). I don't actually know why people make this sort of comment. I just think this particular phenomenon I'm talking about is a good crystallization in which we can see the reflection of what most people aren't doing: learning more, building more alternatives, finding ways to help radically change the way things are in the US government, that allow the NSA to be the way it is.

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A young man